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Downloadable Resources

Prairie and grassland managmement guide

Prairie and Grassland Management

A resource to help land managers better understand how and when to integrate herbicides in prairie and grassland programs.

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Invasive plant management guide

Invasive Plant Management

A practical and technical guide for natural area managers to better understand the role of herbicides in IVM.

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TechLine Magazine Archive

Past issues include articles about innovative research, success stories, methods and tools for invasive plant management. Delivery available by download.

2017 Spring Issue - Final Edition

Dolores River Restoration Project, Forbs Tolerant to Milestone® Specialty Herbicide, Managing Sulfur Cinquefoil in Natural Areas, Are Drones in Your Future?, Essential Resources for Invasive Plant Managers, TechLine Welcomes New Team Member, Photo Contest Winners.



2016 Fall Issue - Western Range and Wildlands Edition

  • Twenty Years of Success: Managing Tansy Ragwort in Northwestern Montana ... 3
  • Controlling Tansy Ragwort in Natural Areas ... 4
  • Synthetic Auxin Herbicides Control Germinating Scotch Broom ... 7
  • Logging Debris and Herbicide Treatments for Controlling Scotch Broom... 8
  • Celebrating the Centennial: Volunteers Unite in Glacier National Park Weed BioBlitz ... 10
  • Managing Scotch thistle on Rangeland and Natural Areas ... 12
  • Saint Johnswort Biology, Impact and Management ...14
  • Enter Invasive Plant Photo Contest Until October 14 ... 2


2016 Fall Issue – Prairie and Grasslands Edition

  • Landowner-Hunter Partnership Supports Habitat Conservation ... 3
  • Integrative Management of Sericea Lespedeza in Prairie Restorations ... 6
  • Managing Sericea Lespedeza with Selective Herbicides ... 9
  • Managing Sweetclover in Natural Areas ... 10
  • Saint Johnswort Biology, Impact and Management ...12
  • Celebrating the Centennial: Volunteers Unite in Glacier National Park Weed BioBlitz ... 14
  • Enter Invasive Plant Photo Contest Until October 14 ... 2



2016 Spring Issue – Prairie and Grasslands Edition

  • Impact of Canada Thistle Cover on Plant Community Structure in Early Stage Prairie Restoration
  • Practical Tips for Managing Canada Thistle
  • Proper Application Timing to Maximize Control of Key Invasive Plants
  • Essential Online Resources To Kick Off Your Field Season


2016 Spring Issue – Western Range and Wildlands Edition

  • Protecting the Highcountry in Southwestern Colorado
  • Oxeye Daisy Identification and Management
  • Proper Application Timing to Maximize Control of Key Invasive Plants
  • Essential Online Resources To Kick Off Your Field Season


2015 Fall Issue – Western Range and Wildlands Edition

  • Fall Application Timing Controls Russian Knapweed in Wyoming Watershed
  • Partnerships Expand Invasive Plant Management in Dakota Prairie Grasslands
  • Early Detection and Control Stops Purple Starthistle Spread in Idaho
  • Are Fall Applications Effective on Perennial Invasive Plants? Experts Weigh In
  • Mapping Invasive Plants Using Helmet Based Video System

2015 Fall Issue – Prairie and Grasslands Edition

  • Belwin Conservancy Tackles Grecian Foxglove
  • Long-term Control of Crown Vetch at a Wisconsin Wildlife Refuge 
  • Partnerships Expand Invasive Plant Management in Dakota Prairie Grasslands
  • Are Fall Applications Effective on Perennial Invasive Plants? Experts Weigh In.
  • Mapping Invasive Plants Using Helmet Based Video System

2015 Spring Issue – Western Range & Wildlands Edition

  • Tolerance of desirable grasses to Milestone® and Perspective herbicides
  • Common tansy identification and management
  • Proper application timing to maximize control of key invasive plants
  • Essential online resources to kick off your field season

2014 Fall Newsletter – Prairie and Grasslands Edition

Read about a project to improve habitat for a key indicator species in western Missouri, removing invasive woody species on a Nature Preserve in Minnesota, managing crown vetch, tree-of-heaven and other key species in the fall, new "Smart" spray wand technology and more!


2014 Fall Newsletter – Western Range and Wildlands Edition

Read about a cooperative project in the Ruby River watershed in Montana, new research for medusahead rye control, managing rush skeletonweed, tree-of-heaven, and other key species in the fall, new "Smart" spray wand technology and more!


2014 Spring Newsletter – Western Range and Wildlands Edition

This issue provides quick reference to online resources to help managers meet the demands of a busy field season, with focus in the western range and wildlands region of the United States.

  • Gearing Up For Spring and Summer: Essential Online Resources To Kick Off Your Field Season
  • New Series To Enhance Understanding Of Herbicides
  • Proper Application Timing For Key Species

2014 Spring Newsletter – Prairie and Grasslands Edition

This issue provides quick reference to online resources to help managers meet the demands of a busy field season, with focus in the prairie and grasslands region of the United States.

  • Gearing Up For Spring and Summer: Essential Online Resources To Kick Off Your Field Season
  • New Series To Enhance Understanding Of Herbicides
  • Proper Application Timing For Key Species

2013 Fall Newsletter

New strategies by the Catalina Island Conservancy to eliminate milk thistle from Santa Catalina Island, southwest of Los Angeles, California; The River to River Cooperative Weed Management Area in southern Illinois; A successful approach to controlling tamarisk in Utah's Buckhorn Wash; Identification and management of invasive knotweeds; Research supporting aquatic labeling of aminopyralid and more!


2013 Spring Newsletter – Prairie Edition

1   Pheasants Forever – Conserving Wildlife Through Habitat Protection and Restoration

5  Midwest Invasive Plant Network – Joining Forces to Combat Invasive Plants in the Midwest

6  Bringing It All Together –Tips for Managing Canada Thistle, and Seeding Recommendations for Canada Thistle Infested Sites

8   Restoring Wisconsin’s Pine Barren Landscape  Reducing Risk of Non-native Plant Invasion During Restoration

10  Herbicide Selectivity in Invasive Plant Management

11  Proper Application Timing Maximizes Invasive Plant Control with Milestone Herbicide

12  Lessons from the Islands


2013 Spring Newsletter – Western Edition

  • Protecting Merced River Canyon from Invasive Plants–Yosemite National Park and Interagency Partners Tackle Yellow Starthistle
  • Proper Application Timing Maximizes Invasive Plant Control with Milestone® Herbicide
  • BLM and partners ‘Restore New Mexico’ on a landscape scale

2012 Fall Newsletter

  • Rocky Mountain Front Weed Roundtable - A model of cooperation
  • Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program - A tool for private land conservation
  • Controlling invasive plants in fall and early winter
  • After the Smoke Clears - Resources for addressing post fire weed invasion and expansion 

2012 Spring Newsletter – Western Edition

  • Wallowa Canyonlands Partnership uses a science-based approach for managing noxious weeds
  • Protecting watershed values in southeast Wyoming - Wyoming counties unite to control Russian olive and saltcedar along the North Platte River
  • Optimal herbicide application timing for Canada thistle control
  • Herbicide application timing critical to control exotic hawkweeds

2012 Spring Newsletter – Prairie Edition

  • Establishing Wildflowers after Herbicide Application
  • US Fish and Wildlife Service Manages Invasive Woody Plants
  • Comparison of Greenhouse to Native Grown Wildflowers for Herbicide Tolerance
  • Optimal Herbicide Application Timing for Canada Thistle Control
  • Biology and Management of Common Teasel

2011 Fall Newsletter

  • Enhancing wildlife habitat through partnerships and perserverence: Committment is key to Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation conservation efforts
  • Establishing desirable grasses in Russian knapweed infested sites
  • Native grass establishment following herbicide applications
  • Fall application of Milestone herbicide to control key invasive weeds

2011 Spring Newsletter – Prairie Edition

  • Overcoming challenges to restore native tall grass prairie
  • Spotted knapweed management possible with planning, persistence, and integrated approach
  • Biennial thistle management

2010 Fall Newsletter

  • Bighorn Sheep and Elk Habitat Enhancement Project (p. 1)
  • Effect of Milestone on Canada Thistle and the Native Plant Community in a Restored Tallgrass Prairie (p. 4)
  • Native Forb and Shrub Tolerance to Milestone Herbicide (p. 8)
  • Fall Application of Milestone to Control Key Invasive Weeds (p. 10)
  • Biological Control Researcher Announces Retirement (p. 11)
  • TechLine is Online: Sign up to receive TechLine and more by email (p. 11)

2010 Spring Newsletter

  • Elk Refuge Manages Invasive Plants
  • Collaboration and Outreach Creates Successful Invasive Plant Program
  • Scouts Team-up Against Tamarisk
  • 2010 Summer TechTour Schedule
  • Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Milestone Herbicide
  • Adios Amigos...It Has Been A Great Ride

2008 Spring Newsletter

  • Resource managers gain on cheatgrass: Finding the right balance elusive when restoring native ranges.
  • Rush skeletonweed research: Efficacy and application timing of Milestone® herbicide on rush skeletonweed.
  • National monument faces multiple weed challenges: Finding the right tools, one step at a time.
  • Revived county program tackles multiple weed challenges: Landowners partner with BLM to fish noxious weeds in a challenging environment.
  • Dubois-Crow Heart Weed Management Area: Weeds managed over large areas with the aid of GIS system.

2008 Fall Newsletter

  • Rotational grazing combined with integrated methods create success: Imaginative techniques improve Audobon National Wildlife Refuge Health
  • Weed and Pest District adopts diversified techniques: Critical watershed areas reclaimed from Canada thistle impacts
  • North Platte River Russian olive and saltcedar control projects
  • Wisdom gained from long-term weed control efforts: Weed management must involve all resources available to insure success
  • Riparian area habitat improved, forage grasses increased: Treating invasives without damaging desirable species

2007 – 2008 Winter Newsletter

  • Controlling invasives benefits native species: Milestone(R) herbicide control of Canada thistle in native grasslands.
  • Project manages invasive vegetation in depest canyon in the US: Twelve-year cooperative effort pays dividends.
  • Impacts increasing as knotweed species spread to more ecosystems: Researcher sees possibilities in new tools and techniques.
  • TNC battles knotweeds in Sandy River watershed: Dual approach of testing and landscape-size application yields answers.
  • Innovative herbicide, new GPS tools: Lincoln County grapples with second home growth.

2007 Spring Newsletter

  • Innovative program managers find answers: Booming resort communities pose weed management challenge
  • Scotch thistle research: Performance of herbicides applied in the spring for Scotch thistle
  • Using the right tools in the right places: Revegetation and riparian area weed control help restore rangelands
  • Integrated program successfully preserves habitat: Invasive plant species threaten elk refuge
  • Diverse land use create need for cooperation: Organization, prioritization, and motivation create success
  • Split tank ATV setup

2007 Fall Newsletter

  • Boomless nozzles require new thinking for correct use: Boomless nozzles evaluation for weed control in pastures, rangelands, and on roadsides.
  • Hawkweed research: Efficacy and application timing of Milestone(R) herbicide on hawkweeds.
  • US Fish and Wildlife Service: Strike team brings timely weed control to wildlife refuges.
  • Sublette County, One of the "cleanest" counties in the western US: Booming energy development brings threat from expanding noxious weed infestations.

2004 Fall Newsletter

  • Native species respond better to integrated approach: Russian knapweed management in riparian areas improves wildlife habitat
  • Landowners band together to fight riparian invasive species: Coordination, cooperation make difficult projects possible
  • Program builds weed awareness: AAW reaches out to outdoor enthusiasts and anglers
  • Invasive vegetation management improves habitat on snake river: River cooridors provide valuable wildlife habitat
  • Weed-free gravel slows weed spread: Yellowstone pit survey builds partnerships with operators
  • Hybrid species of Tamarisk pose special challenge: Researchers, land managers seek effective solutions

2003-2004 Winter Newsletter

  • Integration, perseverance key successful vegetation management programs
  • Wildlife habitat improves with herbicide treatment vs. fire: Native species respond when sagebrush is thinned or controlled
  • Public involved in integrated weed control efforts: Cooperative weed management area for 2.3 million acres
  • Hand pulling works best in conjunction with other methods: Hand pulling project gains public involvement in weed control
  • A critical resource preserved: Invasives threaten watershed and wildlife habitat

2004-2005 Winter Newsletter

  • Leafy spurge threatens habitat: Integrated management benefits range, sage grouse
  • Comparative herbicide study in riparian area: Research yields management strategies
  • Yellow toadflax management in forest and wilderness: Forest Service managers throw everything at invasives and never quit
  • Research points to management options: Effect of herbicide treatments on Dalmatian toadflax establishment and spread in burned forest sites
  • Public, private, county, forest cooperation succeeds: Forest Service partners to achieve success

2002 Summer Newsletter

  • Success at educating your constituents keys vegetation management progress
  • Progress returns to Missoula weed management programs: "De-emphasize large public meetings and increase the opportunities for personal interactions"
  • Success is a great motivator: Preserving cultural plants keys weed management acceptance
  • Flathead County: Agencies working together cut weed infested acreage
  • Glacier National Park: Doing nothing means resources will continue to degrade

2002 Winter Newsletter

  • Management restores wildlife habitats impacted by invasives
  • War on weeds: winning it for wildlife
  • Integrated methods control yellow starthistle at Fort Hunter Liggett
  • Bighorn sheep habitat improved with weed control
  • Land users restore Roosevelt Elk range

2002-2003 (East) Winter Newsletter

  • Sounds research, integrated methods, and persistence key these successful programs
  • Park's protocols lead others toward successful management: Shenandoah National Park managers develop effective vegetation control program
  • Sound research aids preservation effort: Managing invasives preserves old growth forest for study and public enjoyment
  • Managing Akebia quinata at the James Madison Landmark Forest: An evaluation of herbicides and the timing of application
  • Cherokee National Forest managers convert fescue grasslands to native grasses

2001 May Newsletter

  • Integrated management costs and efficacy compared
  • Cost and efficacy of spotted knapweed management with integrated methods
  • Yellow starthistle management possible with planning and integrated approach
  • Management practices for long-term yellow starthistle control and enhanced rangeland productivity

2000 December Newsletter

  • Post-fire opportunities key invasive plant management progress and success
  • Protecting relatively uninfested lands: Reducing weed spread following fire
  • Pre-fire planning insured that the railroad fire turned into an invsive species management opportunity
  • Prepare to handle post-fire weed explosure within two years of a fire
  • Range fire opens door to rush skeletonweed inventory and management
  • The effect of Tordon 22K and Transline on establishment of three range grass species
  • Establishing noxious weed demonstration plots
  • Squarrose knapweed control following a wildfire

2000 June Newsletter

  • Wilderness and rough terrain weed management possible
  • Largest wilderness in lower 48 tackles weed problem
  • Horseback sprayers key back country weed control success
  • Simplicity works best in rough terrain
  • Short on horsemanship? Get a llama
  • Will there be 21st-century Einsteins?

2000 Eastern June Newsletter

  • Exotic, invasive plant management information for the eastern U.S.
  • Shenandoah National Park tackles Ailanthus invasion to preserve diversity
  • Evaluation of herbicide tank mixes for low volume basal applications: Managing Ailanthus altissima at Shenandoah National Park
  • Kudzu worth managing for Cherokee National Forest
  • In The Nature Conservancy Marshall Forest Preserve: Escaped ornamentals cause ecological harm in native environment

1998 March Newsletter

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