Fall Herbicide Applications to Control Key Invasive Weeds

Fall Herbicide Applications to Control Key Invasive Weeds

Fall is an excellent time to control invasive weeds with Milestone. Late summer and fall rains in many areas of the Central Plains and the West will provide land managers with a good opportunity to extend their application season.

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Tips for Managing Undesirable Brush and Vines in Fall, Winter, and Early Spring

Tips for Managing Undesirable Brush and Vines in Fall, Winter, and Early Spring

Undesirable or invasive woody vegetation threatens the biology and ecology of prairie grasslands and native woodlands. Removing invading woody species can be accomplished year-long, with fall, winter and early spring herbicide applications, extending your vegetation management efforts.

 

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Identification and Management of Three Toxic Plants in the Carrot Family

Identification and Management of Three Toxic Plants in the Carrot Family

Plants in the carrot (Apiaceae) family share the characteristic of an umbel-shaped flower head. The family includes hundreds of plants, some that are valuable vegetables and herbs, and a few that are masters in chemical warfare. Accurate identification is important for management and avoiding accidental poisoning. This article reviews distribution, identification and management of three invasive, toxic plants in the carrot family: poison hemlock (Conium maculatum), wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa), and giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum).

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What's the Most Poisonous Plant in North America?

What's the Most Poisonous Plant in North America?

The carrot (Apiaceae) family comprises 434 genera and about 3,700 species and is characterized by a flat-topped flower cluster, called an umbel. Water hemlock (Cicuta), one of several toxic members of this family, is considered to be the most toxic plant in North America. There are four species of water hemlock in North America, all highly poisonous and native to North America: spotted (C. maculata), western (C. douglasii), bulblet-bearing (C. bulbifera), and Mackenzie’s (C. virosa).

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Understanding and Minimizing Impacts of Delaying Rights-of-Way Maintenance

Understanding and Minimizing Impacts of Delaying Rights-of-Way Maintenance

Managing incompatible woody vegetation along utility and transportation rights-of-way (ROW) requires careful planning, consistent budgets, and judicious allocation of time and resources. When budgets or resources are inadequate, planned vegetation maintenance may be postponed to the following growing season or beyond. While delaying maintenance for even one year allows woody vegetation to increase in density and height, the actual increase in time and material to control the vegetation after one or more years of delayed treatment has not been determined.

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Controlling Invasive Plants in Fall and Early Winter

Controlling Invasive Plants in Fall and Early Winter

Fall is an excellent time to control invasive weeds with herbicides. Late summer and fall rains provide land managers with a good opportunity to extend their application season. 

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Canada Thistle Management with Herbicides

Canada Thistle Management with Herbicides
Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a perennial plant with extensive spreading roots that rapidly forms dense colonies. Vegetative shoots arise from adventitious buds located on Canada thistle roots. Canada thistle also spreads by seed; each shoot can produce more than 1,000 seeds. Plants grow from 1 to 4 feet tall and have spiny, lance-shaped leaves. Purple, lavender, or sometimes white flower heads typically appear from June to October. Read More

Spotted Knapweed Management with Herbicides

Spotted Knapweed Management with Herbicides

Spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe) is a tap-rooted perennial forb that spreads by seed. Seedlings and mature plants over-winter in a rosette stage and resume growth in early April. Spotted knapweed blooms from mid to late July through mid September.

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Managing Sweetclover in Natural Areas

Managing Sweetclover in Natural Areas

Yellow (Melilotus officinalis) and white (M. alba) sweetclover are herbaceous, non-native legumes that are widely distributed in the United States. Learn about the biology, ecology, and management recommendations for sweetclover.

Photo by Elizabeth Bella, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org

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Biennial Thistle Management

Biennial Thistle Management

Several biennial thistles are problematic in North America including bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare), musk thistle (Carduus nutans), plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides), and Scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthium). 

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Managing Invasive Buckthorn in Natural Areas

Managing Invasive Buckthorn in Natural Areas

Common (European) buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) and glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus[Rhamnus frangula]) are non-native, deciduous, woody shrubs or small trees introduced to North America during the 1800s as ornamentals, hedgerow plantings, shelterbelts, and wildlife habitat. They escaped cultivation and have aggressively invaded natural areas and forestland throughout much of the United States and Canada (Figure 1). Non-native buckthorn spreads through intentional plantings and through wildlife seed distribution, especially from birds.

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Long-term Control of Crown Vetch at a Wisconsin Wildlife Refuge

Long-term Control of Crown Vetch at a Wisconsin Wildlife Refuge

Field trials were conducted on a crown vetch infestation located on Boomerang Island in the Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge in Wisconsin. Eight years following herbicide application control remained greater than 85%.

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Optimizing Knotweed Control and Estimating Costs to Eradicate Populations

Optimizing Knotweed Control and Estimating Costs to Eradicate Populations


Studies conducted by the University of Wisconsin measured Bohemian knotweed (Fallopia x bohemicum) control under various treatment scenarios. These included 1) herbicide selection, rate and application timing, 2) spray volume, 3) mowing prior to herbicide application, and 4) feasibility and cost of knotweed eradication.

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Managing Sericea Lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) with Selective Herbicide

Managing Sericea Lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) with Selective Herbicide

This perennial invasive and exotic legume, also known as Chinese lespedeza, is a threat to native plants in rangeland, pastures, forests and natural areas. Results of herbicide field trials across 21 locations are described.

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Controlling Tansy Ragwort in Natural Areas

Controlling Tansy Ragwort in Natural Areas

Tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) is a winter annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial plant in the sunflower family. The plant is classified as a noxious weed in seven western states (AZ, OR, WA, CA, MT, CO and ID), two eastern states (CT and MA), and Canadian provinces.The invasive plant is well suited to disturbed sites such as roadsides, open forests, logged areas, burned sites, and over-grazed meadows and pastures.  Read tips and recommendations for managing tansy ragwort in natural areas.

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Application Tips and Techniques for Woody Plant Control

Application Tips and Techniques for Woody Plant Control

Undesirable or invasive woody vegetation threatens the biology and ecology of grasslands and native woodlands. This article describes various techniques for applying selective herbicides to improve success of woody plant control.

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BLM and Partners Restore Southeastern New Mexico

The restoration project in southeastern New Mexico encompasses about 6.5 million acres of rangeland in a four-county area. Herbicide application, mechanical removal, biological control, prescribed fire, and reseeding have been implemented to restore about 1.5 million acres.

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Twenty Years of Success: Managing Tansy Ragwort in Northwestern Montana

Twenty Years of Success: Managing Tansy Ragwort in Northwestern Montana

The Little Wolf Fire began in August of 1994, burning over 15,000 acres of national forest and private timber lands in northwestern Montana.  Open sites created by the burn and disturbance from fire-fighting activities provided ideal habitat for tansy ragwort. The County Weed District and other partners organized a cooperative weed management area (CWMA) and developed management plans to contain tansy ragwort.

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