Managing Black Locust in Natural Areas

Managing Black Locust in Natural Areas

Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) is difficult to control once established outside its native range. The tree is currently naturalized throughout much of the United States,. This article describes effective management methods for this invasive woody tree.

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Managing Cocklebur in Natural Areas

Managing Cocklebur in Natural Areas

Common or “rough” cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium L.) is a native, tap rooted, annual broadleaf weed. The plant is a prolific seed producer that spreads easily because of its bur-like seed head. Management of the plant is described.

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What's the Most Poisonous Plant in North America?

What's the Most Poisonous Plant in North America?

The carrot (Apiaceae) family comprises 434 genera and about 3,700 species and is characterized by a flat-topped flower cluster, called an umbel. Water hemlock (Cicuta), one of several toxic members of this family, is considered to be the most toxic plant in North America. There are four species of water hemlock in North America, all highly poisonous and native to North America: spotted (C. maculata), western (C. douglasii), bulblet-bearing (C. bulbifera), and Mackenzie’s (C. virosa).

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Controlling Tansy Ragwort in Natural Areas

Controlling Tansy Ragwort in Natural Areas

Tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) is a winter annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial plant in the sunflower family. The plant is classified as a noxious weed in seven western states (AZ, OR, WA, CA, MT, CO and ID), two eastern states (CT and MA), and Canadian provinces.The invasive plant is well suited to disturbed sites such as roadsides, open forests, logged areas, burned sites, and over-grazed meadows and pastures.  Read tips and recommendations for managing tansy ragwort in natural areas.

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Managing Scotch Thistle on Rangeland and Natural Areas

Managing Scotch Thistle  on Rangeland and Natural Areas

Scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthium) is a robust non-native plant well established throughout much of the United States and Canada. Severe infestations can form tall, dense stands that impede livestock and wildlife access to desirable forage plants, impacting wildlife habitat and limiting carrying capacity of infested rangeland and natural areas.

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SALTCEDAR AND RUSSIAN OLIVE CONTROL WITH AMINOPYRALID CONTAINING HERBICIDE TREATMENTS

SALTCEDAR AND RUSSIAN OLIVE CONTROL WITH AMINOPYRALID CONTAINING HERBICIDE TREATMENTS

An article by Byron Sleugh, Mary Halstvedt, Chad Cummings, Vanelle Peterson, Dow AgroSciences, Indianapolis, IN; and Robert G. Wilson, University of Nebraska Panhandle Research Center, Scottsbluff, NE from 2010 Western Society of Weed Science Proceedings.

 

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Saint Johnswort Biology, Impact and Management

Saint Johnswort Biology, Impact and Management

St. Johnswort, also known as Klamath weed or goatweed, was introduced to the United States as an ornamental and medicinal plan. This taprooted perennial now occurs in all but 2 states and is a challenge to land managers. Read more about the impacts, identification, and management using various methods. 

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Identification and Management of Three Toxic Plants in the Carrot Family

Identification and Management of Three Toxic Plants in the Carrot Family

Plants in the carrot (Apiaceae) family share the characteristic of an umbel-shaped flower head. The family includes hundreds of plants, some that are valuable vegetables and herbs, and a few that are masters in chemical warfare. Accurate identification is important for management and avoiding accidental poisoning. This article reviews distribution, identification and management of three invasive, toxic plants in the carrot family: poison hemlock (Conium maculatum), wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa), and giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum).

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What’s the Difference Between Spotted, Brown, Black, and Meadow Knapweed?

What’s the Difference Between Spotted, Brown, Black, and Meadow Knapweed?

Twenty two different knapweed (Centaurea sp) species are well established in the United States. Four of these knapweed overlap in distribution and share similar morphological characteristics. This includes spotted (C. stoebe), brown (C. jacea), black (C. nigra) and meadow knapweed (C. xmoncktonii). The key to separating these and other knapweed species are the involucre bracts.

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Saltcedar and Russian Olive Management

Saltcedar and Russian Olive Management

Saltcedar (Tamarix ramosissima, T. pentandra, T. chinensis, and T. parviflora) and Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) are rapid growing, non-native deciduous trees that were introduced into the United States for erosion control (saltcedar), windbreaks (Russian olive) or as ornamental plantings.

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How much is enough: Effect of Spray Volume on Controlling Invasive Knotweeds

How much is enough: Effect of Spray Volume on Controlling Invasive Knotweeds

Dr. Mark Renz and Tony Summers with the University of Wisconsin conducted a field study in 2014 in McFarland, Wisconsin to determine if the amount of spray volume would impact knotweed control with Milestone at the spot treatment rate of 14 fluid ounces per acre (fl oz/A).

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Japanese Stiltgrass Management with Milestone® Herbicide

Japanese Stiltgrass Management with Milestone® Herbicide

Japanese stiltgrass is an introduced annual grass that has invaded forestlands throughout much of the eastern half of United States.  Learn more about how Milestone can be used to selectively manage stiltgrass in natural areas.

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Dormant Season Management Recommendations for Russian Olive

Dormant Season Management Recommendations for Russian Olive

Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a rapid-growing, deciduous, woody shrub or small tree that is invasive in riparian areas, lake shores and natural areas. The invasive plant can cause serious ecological changes to riparian habitats with impacts to wildlife and watershed values, agriculture, and recreation. There are several management options for Russian olive depending on tree size, density, and environmental constraints. The following information summarizes herbicide options for Russian olive management that can be used any time of the year including winter and early spring when trees are dormant. 

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Control of Yellow Starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis) and Coast Fiddleneck (Amsinckia menziesii) with Aminopyralid (Milestone® herbicide)

Control of Yellow Starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis) and Coast Fiddleneck (Amsinckia menziesii) with Aminopyralid (Milestone® herbicide)

Guy B. Kyser, Vanelle Peterson, Steve B. Orloff, Steven D. Wright, Joseph M. DiTomaso (2011). Invasive Plant Science and Management: July-September, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 341-348. http://wssajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1614/IPSM-D-11-00002.1

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Managing Autumn Olive in Natural Areas

Autumn olive is an invasive woody shrub or small tree that grows to about 20 feet in height. The plant is commonly found invading open and early-successional woodlands, abandoned agricultural fields, and edges of streams and rivers.

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